towhee.models.layers.cross_attention.RotaryEmbedding

class towhee.models.layers.cross_attention.RotaryEmbedding(dim)[source]

Bases: torch.nn.modules.module.Module

Methods

add_module

Adds a child module to the current module.

apply

Applies fn recursively to every submodule (as returned by .children()) as well as self.

bfloat16

Casts all floating point parameters and buffers to bfloat16 datatype.

buffers

Returns an iterator over module buffers.

children

Returns an iterator over immediate children modules.

cpu

Moves all model parameters and buffers to the CPU.

cuda

Moves all model parameters and buffers to the GPU.

double

Casts all floating point parameters and buffers to double datatype.

eval

Sets the module in evaluation mode.

extra_repr

Set the extra representation of the module

float

Casts all floating point parameters and buffers to float datatype.

forward

Defines the computation performed at every call.

get_buffer

Returns the buffer given by target if it exists, otherwise throws an error.

get_extra_state

Returns any extra state to include in the module’s state_dict.

get_parameter

Returns the parameter given by target if it exists, otherwise throws an error.

get_submodule

Returns the submodule given by target if it exists, otherwise throws an error.

half

Casts all floating point parameters and buffers to half datatype.

ipu

Moves all model parameters and buffers to the IPU.

load_state_dict

Copies parameters and buffers from state_dict into this module and its descendants.

modules

Returns an iterator over all modules in the network.

named_buffers

Returns an iterator over module buffers, yielding both the name of the buffer as well as the buffer itself.

named_children

Returns an iterator over immediate children modules, yielding both the name of the module as well as the module itself.

named_modules

Returns an iterator over all modules in the network, yielding both the name of the module as well as the module itself.

named_parameters

Returns an iterator over module parameters, yielding both the name of the parameter as well as the parameter itself.

parameters

Returns an iterator over module parameters.

register_backward_hook

Registers a backward hook on the module.

register_buffer

Adds a buffer to the module.

register_forward_hook

Registers a forward hook on the module.

register_forward_pre_hook

Registers a forward pre-hook on the module.

register_full_backward_hook

Registers a backward hook on the module.

register_load_state_dict_post_hook

Registers a post hook to be run after module’s load_state_dict is called.

register_module

Alias for add_module().

register_parameter

Adds a parameter to the module.

requires_grad_

Change if autograd should record operations on parameters in this module.

set_extra_state

This function is called from load_state_dict() to handle any extra state found within the state_dict.

share_memory

See torch.Tensor.share_memory_()

state_dict

Returns a dictionary containing a whole state of the module.

to

Moves and/or casts the parameters and buffers.

to_empty

Moves the parameters and buffers to the specified device without copying storage.

train

Sets the module in training mode.

type

Casts all parameters and buffers to dst_type.

xpu

Moves all model parameters and buffers to the XPU.

zero_grad

Sets gradients of all model parameters to zero.

Attributes

T_destination

alias of TypeVar(‘T_destination’)

dump_patches

__init__(dim)[source]

Initializes internal Module state, shared by both nn.Module and ScriptModule.

__repr__()

Return repr(self).

add_module(name: str, module: Optional[torch.nn.modules.module.Module])None

Adds a child module to the current module.

The module can be accessed as an attribute using the given name.

Parameters:
  • name (string) – name of the child module. The child module can be accessed from this module using the given name

  • module (Module) – child module to be added to the module.

apply(fn: Callable[[torch.nn.modules.module.Module], None])T

Applies fn recursively to every submodule (as returned by .children()) as well as self. Typical use includes initializing the parameters of a model (see also nn-init-doc).

Parameters:

fn (Module -> None) – function to be applied to each submodule

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

Example:

>>> @torch.no_grad()
>>> def init_weights(m):
>>>     print(m)
>>>     if type(m) == nn.Linear:
>>>         m.weight.fill_(1.0)
>>>         print(m.weight)
>>> net = nn.Sequential(nn.Linear(2, 2), nn.Linear(2, 2))
>>> net.apply(init_weights)
Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True)
Parameter containing:
tensor([[ 1.,  1.],
        [ 1.,  1.]])
Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True)
Parameter containing:
tensor([[ 1.,  1.],
        [ 1.,  1.]])
Sequential(
  (0): Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True)
  (1): Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True)
)
Sequential(
  (0): Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True)
  (1): Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True)
)
bfloat16()T

Casts all floating point parameters and buffers to bfloat16 datatype.

Note

This method modifies the module in-place.

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

buffers(recurse: bool = True)Iterator[torch.Tensor]

Returns an iterator over module buffers.

Parameters:

recurse (bool) – if True, then yields buffers of this module and all submodules. Otherwise, yields only buffers that are direct members of this module.

Yields:

torch.Tensor – module buffer

Example:

>>> for buf in model.buffers():
>>>     print(type(buf), buf.size())
<class 'torch.Tensor'> (20L,)
<class 'torch.Tensor'> (20L, 1L, 5L, 5L)
children()Iterator[torch.nn.modules.module.Module]

Returns an iterator over immediate children modules.

Yields:

Module – a child module

cpu()T

Moves all model parameters and buffers to the CPU.

Note

This method modifies the module in-place.

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

cuda(device: Optional[Union[int, torch.device]] = None)T

Moves all model parameters and buffers to the GPU.

This also makes associated parameters and buffers different objects. So it should be called before constructing optimizer if the module will live on GPU while being optimized.

Note

This method modifies the module in-place.

Parameters:

device (int, optional) – if specified, all parameters will be copied to that device

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

double()T

Casts all floating point parameters and buffers to double datatype.

Note

This method modifies the module in-place.

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

eval()T

Sets the module in evaluation mode.

This has any effect only on certain modules. See documentations of particular modules for details of their behaviors in training/evaluation mode, if they are affected, e.g. Dropout, BatchNorm, etc.

This is equivalent with self.train(False).

See locally-disable-grad-doc for a comparison between .eval() and several similar mechanisms that may be confused with it.

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

extra_repr()str

Set the extra representation of the module

To print customized extra information, you should re-implement this method in your own modules. Both single-line and multi-line strings are acceptable.

float()T

Casts all floating point parameters and buffers to float datatype.

Note

This method modifies the module in-place.

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

forward(max_seq_len, *, device)[source]

Defines the computation performed at every call.

Should be overridden by all subclasses.

Note

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the registered hooks while the latter silently ignores them.

get_buffer(target: str)torch.Tensor

Returns the buffer given by target if it exists, otherwise throws an error.

See the docstring for get_submodule for a more detailed explanation of this method’s functionality as well as how to correctly specify target.

Parameters:

target – The fully-qualified string name of the buffer to look for. (See get_submodule for how to specify a fully-qualified string.)

Returns:

The buffer referenced by target

Return type:

torch.Tensor

Raises:

AttributeError – If the target string references an invalid path or resolves to something that is not a buffer

get_extra_state()Any

Returns any extra state to include in the module’s state_dict. Implement this and a corresponding set_extra_state() for your module if you need to store extra state. This function is called when building the module’s state_dict().

Note that extra state should be pickleable to ensure working serialization of the state_dict. We only provide provide backwards compatibility guarantees for serializing Tensors; other objects may break backwards compatibility if their serialized pickled form changes.

Returns:

Any extra state to store in the module’s state_dict

Return type:

object

get_parameter(target: str)torch.nn.parameter.Parameter

Returns the parameter given by target if it exists, otherwise throws an error.

See the docstring for get_submodule for a more detailed explanation of this method’s functionality as well as how to correctly specify target.

Parameters:

target – The fully-qualified string name of the Parameter to look for. (See get_submodule for how to specify a fully-qualified string.)

Returns:

The Parameter referenced by target

Return type:

torch.nn.Parameter

Raises:

AttributeError – If the target string references an invalid path or resolves to something that is not an nn.Parameter

get_submodule(target: str)torch.nn.modules.module.Module

Returns the submodule given by target if it exists, otherwise throws an error.

For example, let’s say you have an nn.Module A that looks like this:

A(
    (net_b): Module(
        (net_c): Module(
            (conv): Conv2d(16, 33, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(2, 2))
        )
        (linear): Linear(in_features=100, out_features=200, bias=True)
    )
)

(The diagram shows an nn.Module A. A has a nested submodule net_b, which itself has two submodules net_c and linear. net_c then has a submodule conv.)

To check whether or not we have the linear submodule, we would call get_submodule("net_b.linear"). To check whether we have the conv submodule, we would call get_submodule("net_b.net_c.conv").

The runtime of get_submodule is bounded by the degree of module nesting in target. A query against named_modules achieves the same result, but it is O(N) in the number of transitive modules. So, for a simple check to see if some submodule exists, get_submodule should always be used.

Parameters:

target – The fully-qualified string name of the submodule to look for. (See above example for how to specify a fully-qualified string.)

Returns:

The submodule referenced by target

Return type:

torch.nn.Module

Raises:

AttributeError – If the target string references an invalid path or resolves to something that is not an nn.Module

half()T

Casts all floating point parameters and buffers to half datatype.

Note

This method modifies the module in-place.

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

ipu(device: Optional[Union[int, torch.device]] = None)T

Moves all model parameters and buffers to the IPU.

This also makes associated parameters and buffers different objects. So it should be called before constructing optimizer if the module will live on IPU while being optimized.

Note

This method modifies the module in-place.

Parameters:

device (int, optional) – if specified, all parameters will be copied to that device

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

load_state_dict(state_dict: Mapping[str, Any], strict: bool = True)

Copies parameters and buffers from state_dict into this module and its descendants. If strict is True, then the keys of state_dict must exactly match the keys returned by this module’s state_dict() function.

Parameters:
  • state_dict (dict) – a dict containing parameters and persistent buffers.

  • strict (bool, optional) – whether to strictly enforce that the keys in state_dict match the keys returned by this module’s state_dict() function. Default: True

Returns:

  • missing_keys is a list of str containing the missing keys

  • unexpected_keys is a list of str containing the unexpected keys

Return type:

NamedTuple with missing_keys and unexpected_keys fields

Note

If a parameter or buffer is registered as None and its corresponding key exists in state_dict, load_state_dict() will raise a RuntimeError.

modules()Iterator[torch.nn.modules.module.Module]

Returns an iterator over all modules in the network.

Yields:

Module – a module in the network

Note

Duplicate modules are returned only once. In the following example, l will be returned only once.

Example:

>>> l = nn.Linear(2, 2)
>>> net = nn.Sequential(l, l)
>>> for idx, m in enumerate(net.modules()):
        print(idx, '->', m)

0 -> Sequential(
  (0): Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True)
  (1): Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True)
)
1 -> Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True)
named_buffers(prefix: str = '', recurse: bool = True)Iterator[Tuple[str, torch.Tensor]]

Returns an iterator over module buffers, yielding both the name of the buffer as well as the buffer itself.

Parameters:
  • prefix (str) – prefix to prepend to all buffer names.

  • recurse (bool) – if True, then yields buffers of this module and all submodules. Otherwise, yields only buffers that are direct members of this module.

Yields:

(string, torch.Tensor) – Tuple containing the name and buffer

Example:

>>> for name, buf in self.named_buffers():
>>>    if name in ['running_var']:
>>>        print(buf.size())
named_children()Iterator[Tuple[str, torch.nn.modules.module.Module]]

Returns an iterator over immediate children modules, yielding both the name of the module as well as the module itself.

Yields:

(string, Module) – Tuple containing a name and child module

Example:

>>> for name, module in model.named_children():
>>>     if name in ['conv4', 'conv5']:
>>>         print(module)
named_modules(memo: Optional[Set[torch.nn.modules.module.Module]] = None, prefix: str = '', remove_duplicate: bool = True)

Returns an iterator over all modules in the network, yielding both the name of the module as well as the module itself.

Parameters:
  • memo – a memo to store the set of modules already added to the result

  • prefix – a prefix that will be added to the name of the module

  • remove_duplicate – whether to remove the duplicated module instances in the result or not

Yields:

(string, Module) – Tuple of name and module

Note

Duplicate modules are returned only once. In the following example, l will be returned only once.

Example:

>>> l = nn.Linear(2, 2)
>>> net = nn.Sequential(l, l)
>>> for idx, m in enumerate(net.named_modules()):
        print(idx, '->', m)

0 -> ('', Sequential(
  (0): Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True)
  (1): Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True)
))
1 -> ('0', Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True))
named_parameters(prefix: str = '', recurse: bool = True)Iterator[Tuple[str, torch.nn.parameter.Parameter]]

Returns an iterator over module parameters, yielding both the name of the parameter as well as the parameter itself.

Parameters:
  • prefix (str) – prefix to prepend to all parameter names.

  • recurse (bool) – if True, then yields parameters of this module and all submodules. Otherwise, yields only parameters that are direct members of this module.

Yields:

(string, Parameter) – Tuple containing the name and parameter

Example:

>>> for name, param in self.named_parameters():
>>>    if name in ['bias']:
>>>        print(param.size())
parameters(recurse: bool = True)Iterator[torch.nn.parameter.Parameter]

Returns an iterator over module parameters.

This is typically passed to an optimizer.

Parameters:

recurse (bool) – if True, then yields parameters of this module and all submodules. Otherwise, yields only parameters that are direct members of this module.

Yields:

Parameter – module parameter

Example:

>>> for param in model.parameters():
>>>     print(type(param), param.size())
<class 'torch.Tensor'> (20L,)
<class 'torch.Tensor'> (20L, 1L, 5L, 5L)
register_backward_hook(hook: Callable[[torch.nn.modules.module.Module, Union[Tuple[torch.Tensor, ], torch.Tensor], Union[Tuple[torch.Tensor, ], torch.Tensor]], Union[None, torch.Tensor]])torch.utils.hooks.RemovableHandle

Registers a backward hook on the module.

This function is deprecated in favor of register_full_backward_hook() and the behavior of this function will change in future versions.

Returns:

a handle that can be used to remove the added hook by calling handle.remove()

Return type:

torch.utils.hooks.RemovableHandle

register_buffer(name: str, tensor: Optional[torch.Tensor], persistent: bool = True)None

Adds a buffer to the module.

This is typically used to register a buffer that should not to be considered a model parameter. For example, BatchNorm’s running_mean is not a parameter, but is part of the module’s state. Buffers, by default, are persistent and will be saved alongside parameters. This behavior can be changed by setting persistent to False. The only difference between a persistent buffer and a non-persistent buffer is that the latter will not be a part of this module’s state_dict.

Buffers can be accessed as attributes using given names.

Parameters:
  • name (string) – name of the buffer. The buffer can be accessed from this module using the given name

  • tensor (Tensor or None) – buffer to be registered. If None, then operations that run on buffers, such as cuda, are ignored. If None, the buffer is not included in the module’s state_dict.

  • persistent (bool) – whether the buffer is part of this module’s state_dict.

Example:

>>> self.register_buffer('running_mean', torch.zeros(num_features))
register_forward_hook(hook: Callable[[], None])torch.utils.hooks.RemovableHandle

Registers a forward hook on the module.

The hook will be called every time after forward() has computed an output. It should have the following signature:

hook(module, input, output) -> None or modified output

The input contains only the positional arguments given to the module. Keyword arguments won’t be passed to the hooks and only to the forward. The hook can modify the output. It can modify the input inplace but it will not have effect on forward since this is called after forward() is called.

Returns:

a handle that can be used to remove the added hook by calling handle.remove()

Return type:

torch.utils.hooks.RemovableHandle

register_forward_pre_hook(hook: Callable[[], None])torch.utils.hooks.RemovableHandle

Registers a forward pre-hook on the module.

The hook will be called every time before forward() is invoked. It should have the following signature:

hook(module, input) -> None or modified input

The input contains only the positional arguments given to the module. Keyword arguments won’t be passed to the hooks and only to the forward. The hook can modify the input. User can either return a tuple or a single modified value in the hook. We will wrap the value into a tuple if a single value is returned(unless that value is already a tuple).

Returns:

a handle that can be used to remove the added hook by calling handle.remove()

Return type:

torch.utils.hooks.RemovableHandle

register_full_backward_hook(hook: Callable[[torch.nn.modules.module.Module, Union[Tuple[torch.Tensor, ], torch.Tensor], Union[Tuple[torch.Tensor, ], torch.Tensor]], Union[None, torch.Tensor]])torch.utils.hooks.RemovableHandle

Registers a backward hook on the module.

The hook will be called every time the gradients with respect to module inputs are computed. The hook should have the following signature:

hook(module, grad_input, grad_output) -> tuple(Tensor) or None

The grad_input and grad_output are tuples that contain the gradients with respect to the inputs and outputs respectively. The hook should not modify its arguments, but it can optionally return a new gradient with respect to the input that will be used in place of grad_input in subsequent computations. grad_input will only correspond to the inputs given as positional arguments and all kwarg arguments are ignored. Entries in grad_input and grad_output will be None for all non-Tensor arguments.

For technical reasons, when this hook is applied to a Module, its forward function will receive a view of each Tensor passed to the Module. Similarly the caller will receive a view of each Tensor returned by the Module’s forward function.

Warning

Modifying inputs or outputs inplace is not allowed when using backward hooks and will raise an error.

Returns:

a handle that can be used to remove the added hook by calling handle.remove()

Return type:

torch.utils.hooks.RemovableHandle

register_load_state_dict_post_hook(hook)

Registers a post hook to be run after module’s load_state_dict is called.

It should have the following signature::

hook(module, incompatible_keys) -> None

The module argument is the current module that this hook is registered on, and the incompatible_keys argument is a NamedTuple consisting of attributes missing_keys and unexpected_keys. missing_keys is a list of str containing the missing keys and unexpected_keys is a list of str containing the unexpected keys.

The given incompatible_keys can be modified inplace if needed.

Note that the checks performed when calling load_state_dict() with strict=True are affected by modifications the hook makes to missing_keys or unexpected_keys, as expected. Additions to either set of keys will result in an error being thrown when strict=True, and clearning out both missing and unexpected keys will avoid an error.

Returns:

a handle that can be used to remove the added hook by calling handle.remove()

Return type:

torch.utils.hooks.RemovableHandle

register_module(name: str, module: Optional[torch.nn.modules.module.Module])None

Alias for add_module().

register_parameter(name: str, param: Optional[torch.nn.parameter.Parameter])None

Adds a parameter to the module.

The parameter can be accessed as an attribute using given name.

Parameters:
  • name (string) – name of the parameter. The parameter can be accessed from this module using the given name

  • param (Parameter or None) – parameter to be added to the module. If None, then operations that run on parameters, such as cuda, are ignored. If None, the parameter is not included in the module’s state_dict.

requires_grad_(requires_grad: bool = True)T

Change if autograd should record operations on parameters in this module.

This method sets the parameters’ requires_grad attributes in-place.

This method is helpful for freezing part of the module for finetuning or training parts of a model individually (e.g., GAN training).

See locally-disable-grad-doc for a comparison between .requires_grad_() and several similar mechanisms that may be confused with it.

Parameters:

requires_grad (bool) – whether autograd should record operations on parameters in this module. Default: True.

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

set_extra_state(state: Any)

This function is called from load_state_dict() to handle any extra state found within the state_dict. Implement this function and a corresponding get_extra_state() for your module if you need to store extra state within its state_dict.

Parameters:

state (dict) – Extra state from the state_dict

share_memory()T

See torch.Tensor.share_memory_()

state_dict(*args, destination=None, prefix='', keep_vars=False)

Returns a dictionary containing a whole state of the module.

Both parameters and persistent buffers (e.g. running averages) are included. Keys are corresponding parameter and buffer names. Parameters and buffers set to None are not included.

Warning

Currently state_dict() also accepts positional arguments for destination, prefix and keep_vars in order. However, this is being deprecated and keyword arguments will be enforced in future releases.

Warning

Please avoid the use of argument destination as it is not designed for end-users.

Parameters:
  • destination (dict, optional) – If provided, the state of module will be updated into the dict and the same object is returned. Otherwise, an OrderedDict will be created and returned. Default: None.

  • prefix (str, optional) – a prefix added to parameter and buffer names to compose the keys in state_dict. Default: ''.

  • keep_vars (bool, optional) – by default the Tensor s returned in the state dict are detached from autograd. If it’s set to True, detaching will not be performed. Default: False.

Returns:

a dictionary containing a whole state of the module

Return type:

dict

Example:

>>> module.state_dict().keys()
['bias', 'weight']
to(*args, **kwargs)

Moves and/or casts the parameters and buffers.

This can be called as

to(device=None, dtype=None, non_blocking=False)
to(dtype, non_blocking=False)
to(tensor, non_blocking=False)
to(memory_format=torch.channels_last)

Its signature is similar to torch.Tensor.to(), but only accepts floating point or complex dtypes. In addition, this method will only cast the floating point or complex parameters and buffers to dtype (if given). The integral parameters and buffers will be moved device, if that is given, but with dtypes unchanged. When non_blocking is set, it tries to convert/move asynchronously with respect to the host if possible, e.g., moving CPU Tensors with pinned memory to CUDA devices.

See below for examples.

Note

This method modifies the module in-place.

Parameters:
  • device (torch.device) – the desired device of the parameters and buffers in this module

  • dtype (torch.dtype) – the desired floating point or complex dtype of the parameters and buffers in this module

  • tensor (torch.Tensor) – Tensor whose dtype and device are the desired dtype and device for all parameters and buffers in this module

  • memory_format (torch.memory_format) – the desired memory format for 4D parameters and buffers in this module (keyword only argument)

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

Examples:

>>> linear = nn.Linear(2, 2)
>>> linear.weight
Parameter containing:
tensor([[ 0.1913, -0.3420],
        [-0.5113, -0.2325]])
>>> linear.to(torch.double)
Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True)
>>> linear.weight
Parameter containing:
tensor([[ 0.1913, -0.3420],
        [-0.5113, -0.2325]], dtype=torch.float64)
>>> gpu1 = torch.device("cuda:1")
>>> linear.to(gpu1, dtype=torch.half, non_blocking=True)
Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True)
>>> linear.weight
Parameter containing:
tensor([[ 0.1914, -0.3420],
        [-0.5112, -0.2324]], dtype=torch.float16, device='cuda:1')
>>> cpu = torch.device("cpu")
>>> linear.to(cpu)
Linear(in_features=2, out_features=2, bias=True)
>>> linear.weight
Parameter containing:
tensor([[ 0.1914, -0.3420],
        [-0.5112, -0.2324]], dtype=torch.float16)

>>> linear = nn.Linear(2, 2, bias=None).to(torch.cdouble)
>>> linear.weight
Parameter containing:
tensor([[ 0.3741+0.j,  0.2382+0.j],
        [ 0.5593+0.j, -0.4443+0.j]], dtype=torch.complex128)
>>> linear(torch.ones(3, 2, dtype=torch.cdouble))
tensor([[0.6122+0.j, 0.1150+0.j],
        [0.6122+0.j, 0.1150+0.j],
        [0.6122+0.j, 0.1150+0.j]], dtype=torch.complex128)
to_empty(*, device: Union[str, torch.device])T

Moves the parameters and buffers to the specified device without copying storage.

Parameters:

device (torch.device) – The desired device of the parameters and buffers in this module.

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

train(mode: bool = True)T

Sets the module in training mode.

This has any effect only on certain modules. See documentations of particular modules for details of their behaviors in training/evaluation mode, if they are affected, e.g. Dropout, BatchNorm, etc.

Parameters:

mode (bool) – whether to set training mode (True) or evaluation mode (False). Default: True.

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

type(dst_type: Union[torch.dtype, str])T

Casts all parameters and buffers to dst_type.

Note

This method modifies the module in-place.

Parameters:

dst_type (type or string) – the desired type

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

xpu(device: Optional[Union[int, torch.device]] = None)T

Moves all model parameters and buffers to the XPU.

This also makes associated parameters and buffers different objects. So it should be called before constructing optimizer if the module will live on XPU while being optimized.

Note

This method modifies the module in-place.

Parameters:

device (int, optional) – if specified, all parameters will be copied to that device

Returns:

self

Return type:

Module

zero_grad(set_to_none: bool = False)None

Sets gradients of all model parameters to zero. See similar function under torch.optim.Optimizer for more context.

Parameters:

set_to_none (bool) – instead of setting to zero, set the grads to None. See torch.optim.Optimizer.zero_grad() for details.